Employment-based immigration in the US has raised a lot of complaints of which the most common of them is that America should put more effort and commitment to training and educating US citizens for high-tech jobs. But then, there is already a law in the US that allows for the utilization of the visa processing fees of foreign talents to support job training and college scholarships.
The H-1B program has been funding these scholarships for 20 years
One of the top secrets in US immigration is that companies filing an initial H-1B petition or extension pay $1,500 in fees for each petition. Since 1999, the US has raised about $5 billion from this strategy. The National Science Foundation gets thirty percent of this money to sponsor science and engineering students on scholarships. Science students and teachers in K-12 get ten percent to support their programs while fifty percent goes to the US Department of Labour to support the training of American workers.
Statistics from the National Science Foundation (NSF) show that an approximate number of 87,890 students have become beneficiaries of this scholarship scheme with a range of 1 – 4 years. The program has been running from the 1999 Fiscal Year up till September 30, 2018.
US students in the engineering or science field receive up to $10,000 every year as funds for the scholarship.
The report from NSF also shows H-1B visa fees paid by employers have been used to sponsor 1,052,365 science students under K-12 and 55,223 teachers. The sponsorship of these students and teachers were done through the Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers — ITEST for short. Note that the NSF only began tracking the scholarship trends in 2009. It means that the actual figures are way more than what is reported.
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